CSS Research Forum

Event Type: 
Gaby Porras, Laura Aguilar Esteva, Akshat Kasliwal, and Michael Kinzler
Friday, February 15, 2019 - 2:00pm to 3:30pm
Room 1040 Dana Building
Event Sponsor: 
Center for Sustainable Systems

Please join us for our second CSS Research Forum of Winter 2019.

Whether you are brand new to CSS or a veteran, you are strongly encouraged to come join us and hear about the work other researchers are doing.

We will serve a selection of PIES.

When: Friday, February 15, 2019 - 2:00 to 3:30 PM.
Where:  1040 Dana Building

We'll hear presentations from:

Gaby Porras - MS/MSE Engineering Sustainable Systems student
Bio:  Gabriela is  MS/MSE student at the University of Michigan. She researches with Whirlpool through the Center for Sustainable Systems. Her interests are at the intersection of sustainability, engineering, and the environment. Her undergraduate degree was in Civil Engineering.

Title:  Life Cycle Comparison of Manual and Machine Dishwashing

Abstract:  Household appliances consume 34.6% percent of the energy used in the average American home while water heating consumes 17%. Dishwashers are a common household appliance that have the potential to reduce environmental burdens when compared to manual dishwashing, especially when best practices for machines are followed. Pre-rinsing behaviors and use are the most significant phases of the life cycle, accounting for as much as 27% and 76% of life cycle burdens (as primary energy) respectively. Both manual and machine dishwashing achieve acceptable cleaning performance. Over the lifetime of the product with average use and pre-rinsing, dishwashers use almost 4 times less primary energy as the average manual dishwasher. When compared to best practice techniques for manual dishwashing, dishwashers only have less burdens when pre-rinsing behaviors are avoided.


Laura Aguilar Esteva – M.S. Sustainable Systems student
Bio:  Laura is a M.S. Candidate at the School for Environment and Sustainability. Laura’s research interests include energy markets and policy, renewable energy systems, energy efficiency and sustainability. Before beginning her master degree, she completed a bachelor degree in Public Accounting and Financial Strategy, and worked as a Deputy Director in the Economic Analysis Unit in the Energy Regulatory Commission in Mexico City, and in a tax consulting firm. She conducted a study on the effectiveness of the Programme for Country Partnership for Peru, while working at the United Nations Industrial Development Organization during the summer, and another study evaluating the costs and benefits of conservation agriculture and planned livestock, at the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change in Mexico City.

Akshat Kasliwal – M.S. Sustainable Systems student
Bio:  Akshat is a MS candidate at the School for Environment and Sustainability (SEAS), where his primary research emphasizes on assessing the sustainability of emergent systems. Prior to graduate school, Akshat trained as a chemical engineer, working at Shell's waste-to-fuels R&D team in Bangalore, evaluating solar-thermal enhanced oil recovery for Petroleum Development Oman, and synthesizing novel battery storage materials at a federal lab in Korea. At Michigan, Akshat serves as a VP for the Energy Club at Ross, and also as Alumni Chair for the SEAS Student Government.

Michael Kinzler – M.S. Sustainable Systems; Certificate in Industrial Ecology
Bio:  Michael is an M.S. candidate at the school for Environment and Sustainability (SEAS). His academic interests include carbon emission reduction strategies, climate change mitigation, and triple-bottom line sustainability. His research at SEAS has involved retrospective modeling for informing future policy; specifically, Michael analyzed how environmental impacts from the invention of the automobile could have been avoided through strategic policy implementation and technology developments in the early 20th century. Prior to joining Michigan, he earned a B.A. in biology from Colgate University.

Title:  Scope 3 Emissions Assessment and Circular Economy Protocol Development at Ford Motor Company

Abstract:  Value chain (Scope 3) emissions, stemming external to an organization’s direct operations, account for over 90% of the greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory of an automotive manufacturer, most of which are dominated by Use of Sold Products. Although Ford Motor Company (Ford) had previously reported an initial estimate of select Scope 3 emissions categories to the CDP survey, they sought increased comprehensiveness. Through benchmarking industry leaders, we provided Ford with recommendations to enable a more complete, accurate, and transparent mapping of these emissions. Subsequently, in 2018 Ford approximately mapped an additional 62 million mtCO2e (41%), relative to 2017. Scope 3 emissions can be managed through circular economy strategies, which are a means to reduce non-renewable materials and energy, promote renewable feedstocks and energy, and create closed-loop flows across the life cycle of a vehicle. We developed a schematic representing Ford’s circular economy strategies based on the Ellen MacArthur Foundation’s framework. While this framework has been applied to other products, we present its first comprehensive application in the mobility sector. This schematic provides a practical format for characterizing and summarizing Ford’s sustainability initiatives, and allows them to develop more robust sustainability strategies. Continuing to refine their emissions mapping and promoting circular economy programs are pathways for Ford to position itself as an industry leader in environmental sustainability.


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