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Modeling seasonal onset of coastal ice

CSS Publication Number
Full Publication Date
April 1, 2019

To support regional management planning decisions, and to protect human health and safety, we developed a new statistical model that simulates the onset of seasonal ice cover along the shoreline of a US National Park (the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, or APIS). Our model encodes relationships between different modes of climate variability and regional ice cover from 1972 to 2015, and successfully simulates both the timing of ice onset and the probability that ice cover might form at all in a particular winter season. We simulate both of these endpoints using a novel combination of statistical hazard (or survival) and beta regression models. Our analysis of coastal ice cover along the APIS reinforces findings from previous research suggesting that the late 1990s signified a regime shift in climate conditions across North America. Before this period, coastal ice cover conditions at the APIS were often suitable for pedestrian access, while after this period coastal ice cover at the APIS has been highly variable. Our new model accommodates this regime shift, and provides a stepping stone towards a broad range of applications of similar models for supporting regional management decisions in light of evolving climate conditions.

Xialong Ji
Houraa Daher
Richard B. Rood
Research Areas
Water Resources
Publication Type
Journal Article
Digital Object Identifier
Full Citation

Ji, X., Gronewold, A.D., Daher, H. et al. Modeling seasonal onset of coastal ice. Climatic Change 154, 125–141 (2019). CSS19-58