An Integrated Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Cost Analysis Model for Concrete Bridge Deck Applications

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An integrated life-cycle assessment and life-cycle cost analysis model was developed and applied to enhance the sustainability of concrete bridge infrastructure. The objective of this model is to compare alternative bridge deck designs from a sustainability perspective that accounts for total life-cycle costs including agency, user, and environmental costs. A conventional concrete bridge deck and an alternative engineered cementitious composite link slab design are examined. Despite higher initial costs and greater materialrelated environmental impacts on a per mass basis, the link slab design results in lower life-cycle costs and reduced environmental impacts when evaluated over the entire life cycle. Traffic delay caused by construction comprises 91% of total costs for both designs. Costs to the funding agency comprise less than 3% of total costs, and environmental costs are less than 0.5%. These results show life-cycle modeling is an important decision-making tool since initial costs and agency costs are not illustrative of total life-cycle costs. Additionally, accounting for construction-related traffic delay is vital to assessing the total economic cost and environmental impact of infrastructure design decisions.

Life cycles
Environmental issues
Bridge design
Fiber reinforced materials
Concrete pavements
Traffic delay
Construction costs
Publication Type: 
Journal Article
Journal Infrastructure Systems
Date Published: 
September 2008
Persistent URL: 
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)1076-0342(2008)14:3(214)
Full Citation: 
Kendall, Alissa, Gregory A. Keoleian and Gloria E. Helfand. 2008. An Integrated Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Cost Analysis Model for Concrete Bridge Deck Applications. Journal Infrastructure Systems 14(3): 214-222.
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