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Electric Power Grid and Natural Gas Network Operations and Coordination

CSS Publication Number
Full Publication Date
September 1, 2020

In this report, we present findings from three studies related to the coordination of natural gas and electricity system operations. We first propose and demonstrate a modeling platform for examining the interdependence of natural gas and electricity networks based on a direct current unit-commitment and economic dispatch model for the power system and a transient hydraulic gas model for the gas system. We use this platform to analyze the value of day-ahead coordination of power and natural gas network operations and to show the importance of considering gas system constraints when analyzing power systems operation with high penetration of gas generators and variable renewable energy sources. In the second study, we utilize our modeling platform to consider the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Order 809, issued in 2015 to improve day-ahead and intraday coordination of power and gas systems. Finally, in the third study we expand our modeling platform to focus on market-based coordination of electricity and natural gas system operations for a real system, namely a subset of the power and gas networks in the Front Range region of Colorado. We use real system data to evaluate the benefits of coordination operations under different conditions, including different levels of renewable penetration and the use of time-variant, shaped flow nominations. Our results indicate that coordination at various timescales can contribute to a reduction in curtailed gas in high-stress periods (such as those with large ramps in gas offtakes) and a reduction in energy consumption of gas compressor stations. We find that intraday coordination can reduce total power system production costs and natural gas deliverability constraints, yielding cost and reliability benefits. We observe these benefits for the test system as well as in the Colorado case study, where we find that coordination and shaped flows may provide additional value for systems with high penetration of variable renewable energy. Together, these three studies demonstrate a pathway for integrated gas and electricity grid modeling and for studying the benefits of coordinated operations of these increasingly interdependent energy systems.

Omar Jose Guerra-Fernandez
Brian Sergi
Brian Hodge
Kwabena Addo Pambour
Rostand Tresor Sopgwi
Carlo Brancucci
Research Areas
Energy Systems
Publication Type
Digital Object Identifier
Full Citation

Guerra-Fernandez, Omar Jose, Sergi, Brian, Hodge, Brian, Craig, Michael, Pambour, Kwabena Addo, Sopgwi, Rostand Tresor, and Brancucci, Carlo. 2020. "Electric Power Grid and Natural Gas Network Operations and Coordination". United States. CSS20-66