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Temporal and Spatial Variations in Consumption-Based Carbon Dioxide Emissions in China

CSS Publication Number
Full Publication Date
December, 2014

China’s CO2 emissions have sharply increased in recent years with soaring economic development and urbanization. Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions could provide new insights for allocating regional mitigation responsibility and curbing the emissions. A multi-regional input–output model is used to study the trends and disparities of consumption-based emissions from Chinese provinces during the period 2002–2007. Results show that China’s consumption-based CO2 emissions grew from 3549 Mt in 2002 to 5403 Mt in 2007 with an annual average growth rate of 8.8%. The annual growth rate in the richer eastern region was over 10% because of a rapid increase in capital investment and the growth of urban consumption. Consumption-based CO2 emissions embodied in interprovincial trades contributed only 10% (351 Mt) to the national total of such emissions in 2002, but 16% (864 Mt) in 2007. Given low per capita emissions currently, China’s consumption-based emissions have much room to grow because of further development of urbanization and stimulation of domestic demand. The government should pay greater attention to controlling CO2 emissions from a consumption-based perspective.

Chris P. Nielsen
Haikun Wang
Jun Bi
Rongrong Zhang
Shalang Li
Weidong Liu
Research Areas
Urban Systems and Built Environment

Carbon dioxide, China, Consumption-based emissions, Multi-regional input-output model

Publication Type
Journal Article
Digital Object Identifier
Full Citation

Zhang, Y.-X.; H.-K. Wang, S. Liang, M. Xu,W.-D. Liu, S.-L. Li, R.-R. Zhang, C.P. Nielsen, J. Bi. (2014) “Temporal and spatial variations in consumption-based carbon dioxide emissions in China.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 40: 60-68.